Heterogeneous Robot Teams Performing Resilient Target Search



Abstract


This paper proposes KC-TSS: K-ClusteredTraveling Salesman Based Search, a failure resilient path planning algorithm for heterogeneous robot teams performing target search in human environments. We separate the sample path generation problem into Heterogeneous Clustering and multiple Traveling Salesman Problems. This allows us to provide high quality candidate paths (i.e. minimal backtracking, overlap) to an Information-Theoretic utility function for each agent. First, we generate waypoint candidates from map knowledge and a target prediction model. All of these candidates are clustered according to the number of agents and their ability

to cover space, or coverage competency. Each agent solves a Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP) instance over their assigned cluster and then candidates are fed to a utility function for path selection. We perform extensive Gazebo simulations and preliminary deployment of real robots in indoor search and simulated rescue scenarios with static and targets. We compare our proposed method against a state-of-the-art algorithm and show that ours is able to outperform it in mission time. Our method provides resilience in the event of single or multi

teammate failure by recomputing global team plans online.

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